Today, we learn how to say “I hate you” in Japanese. We know… it’s not the most pleasant expression to attempt to master – but it’s an important equation of the Japanese language nonetheless! Plus, it’s a rudimentary, simple topic.
On top of that, it’s a useful phrase for humorous situations or when you’re hating on a thing and not a person. In this post, we also review some common words similar to or related to “hating” in Japanese.
So buckle up, grab your book-time popcorn, and let’s get to learnin’!
How to say “I hate you” in Japanese
The expression for “I hate you” in Japanese actually comes in the form of an adjective-noun known as きらい (kirai | 嫌い). It is a な (na)-adjective, one of the two adjective forms in Japanese, the other being い (i)-adjectives.
きらい (kirai | 嫌い) most fairly means to dislike, but due to the nature of the Japanese language, it often translates simply as “to hate.” More accurately speaking, the term だいきらい (daikirai | 大嫌い) equates to hate in Japanese. If you’re watching anime, you might have come across this term too!
The character 大 (tai/dai) just means big or in surplus, and so it emphasizes the already present “hate” in this word! This expression should only be used when something really gets the better of you!
As you may have taken note of, Japanese adjectives can function very differently than those of English. Usually, adjectival nouns that complete a sentence are followed by the verb です (desu) – one of the fundamental Japanese verbs that means “to be.”
Take a look below at some sentence examples to get an idea of these forms in action!
いもうとがあかいろはきらいです (imouto wa akairo ga kirai desu | 妹は赤色は嫌いです)
My sister doesn’t like the color red.
せんたくすることがだいきらいよ (sentakusuru koto ga daikirai yo | 選択することが大嫌いよ)
I hate doing the laundry!
なんでもきらい (nandemo kirai | 何でも嫌い)
I hate everything.
You’ll notice that we actually didn’t include the phrase “I hate you” in Japanese. That’s because, to be honest, this expression is so utterly intense that it will likely never cross your path as a Japanese student!
But as you can imagine, the full sentence would look something like this:
あんたがだいきれい！(annta ga daikirei! | あんたが大キレイ！)
I hate you!
In honor of the situations when you’re most likely to find this phrase, we present it here in a more slang, shorthand form. あんた (annta) is short for あなた (anata), a sometimes disrespectful way to say “you.”
Also, だいきらい (daikirai | 大嫌い) has become だいきれい (daikirei | 大キレイ), as is the transformation pattern of words with such endings (い-endings) when being super casual in your speech – and the addition of カタカナ (katakana) is just to reinforce that effect!
Note: きらい (kirai | 嫌い) can safely be considered to be the opposite of すき (suki | 好き), another な (na)-adjective that means to like. Just like with きらい (kirai | 嫌い), the character 大 (dai) can be added on a prefix to make だいすき (daisuki | 大好き) – an expression that means to love!
If you haven’t already, check out our deep-dive on how to say “I love you” in Japanese – this affectionate term goes a bit deeper than its sour counterpart!
How to say “I don’t like” in Japanese
Usually, when saying what you don’t like in Japanese, the word きらい (kirai | 嫌い) won’t be used at all. Instead, it’s far more common to use the negated positive expression for not liking すきじゃない (sukijanai | 好きじゃない).
As a reminder, adding じゃない (janai) to a な (na)-adjective makes it negative. Thusly, すきじゃない (sukijanai | 好きじゃない) carries the same meaning as きらい (kirai | 嫌い) (i.e., don’t like) but sounds much more gentle.
Go for this expression 99% of the time when conveying such feelings in Japanese.
すみません、コーラがあまりすきじゃないけど。。。 (sumimasen, koura ga amari sukijanai kedo… | すみません、コーラがあまり好きじゃないけど。。。)
Hey, sorry, but I don’t really like Cola.
Before we get into this, remember that the Japanese are fairly meek and respectful people and that they take words seriously. Therefore, it’s quite unlikely that you’ll hear strong negative words expressed toward something by Japanese native speakers, even if it makes them absolutely sick to their stomachs.
For that reason, the words listed here will rarely, if ever, be heard from native speakers – but perhaps you’d come across it when reading a book or manga chapter!
にくしみ (nikushimi | 憎しみ) – hatred
けんお (ken’o | 嫌悪) – disgust
おんねん (onnen | 怨念) – grudge
In summary, understanding how to say I hate you in Japanese can be useful in everyday communication. It plays a significant role in expressing emotions especially hate, dislike or displeasure, and being aware of these expressions helps enable effective communication.
Remember, the Japanese language is a reflection of their culture, and by appreciating the differences, we can connect with others on a deeper level and foster meaningful interactions.
Got any questions, or interested in studying the Japanese language? Leave us a comment below!
がんばってください (ganbatte kudasai)! ^^