Jobs in Japanese – List of Words for the Different Occupations

In today’s lesson, we’re going to talk about jobs in Japanese. Many people wish to work abroad in Japan, but before you do it might be useful to know the names of the most common occupations.

This list can be very useful when learning the Japanese language for beginners and advanced learners as well. When you work in Japan, you will likely be asked what sort of job you have. Or if you study abroad and befriend the natives, you’ll likely want to talk about the job you want in the future. Below we’ll give a brief introduction to jobs in Japan, and explore some of the most common job titles in Japanese.

Jobs in Japanese

Job in Japanese

Before we take on the different jobs in the Japanese language, let’s get to know what the English word “job” is in Japanese. It can be expressed in a number of ways. It can be expressed as しょく (shoku), しごと (shigoto) or しょくぎょう (shokugyou). These Japanese words can also mean occupation or employment.

Types of Jobs in Japanese 

There are three common types of job status you’ll likely hear about when talking about jobs in Japanese. There are regular full-time jobs, contract temporary jobs, and part-time jobs. Due to the bad economy, contract and part-time job status have increased more and more among employees.

Full-time job in Japanese

A full-time job in Japanese is called じょうきんしょく (joukin-shoku). This is written in Kanji as 常勤職.

Employees who are working full-time are called せいしゃいん (seishain). This word is written as 正社員 in Kanji.

Contract temporary job in Japanese

People who work as temporary workers are called はけんしゃいん (hakenshain). This is written as 派遣社員 in Kanji.

On the other hand,  people who work as contract employees are called けいやくしゃい (keiyakushain). This type of employment is written as  契約社員 in Kanji.

Part-time job in Japanese

A part-time job in Japanese is called アルバイト (arubaito) or フルバイト(furubaito).

Jobs in Japanese

Typically Japanese companies or employers hire seishain employees if they’re likely to stay with the company for a long time (3 years or more). While there are many different job titles in Japanese, it’s understood there are a few special names when referring to career-oriented people.

Salaryman サラリーマン is a phrase reserved for men who work for giant conglomerates. They typically wear a black suit during their work hours and carry a briefcase. Office Lady オーエル, often shortened to OL is used to refer to working women.

Common Full-Time Jobs in Japanese 

Full-time jobs in Japan often take weeks or even months of preparation and interviews before you’re offered the position. Full-time jobs typically come with a guaranteed monthly salary 給料(kyuuryou), health insurance 健康保険 (kennkouhoken) and social insurance 社会保険 (shakaihoken) paid out by your employer. Unlike in the west full-time employees typically stay with a company or organization for a few years before switching to another company.

6 different people of different jobs

Below is a list of common jobs and how to say them in Japanese. Words that are borrowed from English and other foreign languages are written in katakana. There are a few words with gender differences in Japanese but as the times change it’s more common for people to use the male version of the word to refer to both genders.

EnglishKanji/KatakanaHiraganaRomaji
Job仕事しごとShigoto
Occupation職業しょくぎょう Shokugyou
Accountant会計士かいけいしkaikeishi
Actor俳優はいゆうhaiyuu
Architect
建築家けんちくか kenchikuka
Assistant助手じょしゅ joshu
Baker

パン屋さんぱんやさんpanyasan
Bartender

バリスタばりすた barisuta
Barber床屋 / バーバーとこや / ばーばーTokoya / baabaa
Bus driver (Taxi, train, etc)
運転士うんてんしuntenshi
Butcher屠殺人とさつじんtosatsunin
Carpenter大工だいくdaiku
Cashier
キャッシャーきゃっしゃーkyassha-
Chefコックこっくkokku
Childcare worker保育士ほいくしhoikushi
Coachコーチこーちkoochi
Construction Worker
土方どかたdokata
Cosmetologist美容師びようしbiyoushi
Dentist歯医者はいしゃhaisha
Director
映画監督えいが かんとくeigakantoku
Doctor医師いしisha
Editor編集者へんしゅうしゃhenshuusha
Electrician電気工でんきこうdenkikou
Farmer農家のうかnouka
Fire Fighter波動拳はどうけんhadouken
Fitness Instructorトレーナーとれーなーtoreinaa
Flight AttendantスチュワーデスすちゅわーですSuchuwaadesu
Graphic DesignerグラフィックデザイナーぐらふぃっくでざいなーGurafeikkudezainaa
Human Resource Specialist人的資源スペシャリストじんてき しげん すぺしゃりすとJintekishigensupesharisuto
IT specialistITスペシャリストITすぺしゃりすとIT supesharisuto
Janitor管理人かんりじんKanrinin
Journalist記者きしゃKisha
Judge判事はんじHanji
Lawyer弁護士 べんごしBengoshi
Librarian司書ししょShisho
Mailman郵便配達人ゆうびん はいたつじんYubinhaitatsunin
Manager社長しゃちょうShachou
Marketing SpecialistマーケティングスペシャリストまーけてぃんぐすぺしゃりすとMaaketeingu supesharisuto
Mechanic整備士せいびしSeibishi
Musician音楽家おんがくかOngakuka
Nurse看護師かんごしKangoshi
Office WorkerサラリーマンさらりーまんSarariiman 
Pharmacist薬剤師やくざいしYakuzaishi
PilotパイロットぱいろっとPairotto
Plumber配管工はいかんこうHaikankou
Police警察けいさつ Keisatsu
Professor教授きょうじゅKyouju
ProgrammerプログラマーぷろぐらまーPuroguramaa
Real Estate Agent不動産屋ふどうさんFudouyasan
Singer歌手かしゅKashuu
School principal校長先生こうちょう せんせい Kouchosensei
Secretary秘書ひしょHisho
Sales person営業員 えいぎょういん Eigyouin
Social worker社会奉仕家しゃかい ほうしか Shakaihoushika
Teacher先生せんせいSensei
Tour Guide添乗員 / ガイドてんじょういん / がいどTenjouin / Gaido
Travel agent旅行会社りょこう かいしゃryokougaisha
Translator訳者やくしゃYakusha
Veterinarian獣医じゅういJuui
Waiterウエイターうえいたーueitaa
Writer筆者ひっしゃHissha

Common Part-Time Jobs 

In Japan, it’s very common for university students and even other full-time workers to take up part-time work. Students typically can only work 4-5 hours a day and can’t work past 11 pm. There are many unique and interesting jobs available to part-time workers.

Many students work at local themed cafes like cat cafes or maid cafes. Being an English conversation teacher 英会話先生 (eikaiwasensei)  is likely the most common job for full-time and part-time student workers since it doesn’t require much Japanese. Some teachers can work for a dispatch company like NOVA or GABA, work in a cafe, or work online.

Other interesting jobs include being a model or a wedding celebrant. Many modeling companies like to source for foreigners to create diverse campaigns so becoming a model is as easy as sending your picture to an agency. Wedding celebrants are people who stand in as fake wedding priests for clients. You might need to know some basic Japanese such as words, phrases, and grammar, but you certainly don’t need a license.

People waiting for their turn in a veterinary clinic

Below is a list of some common part-time jobs in Japan. Many of the job titles are also borrowed from English words.

EnglishKanji/KatakanaHiraganaRomaji
Kitchen StaffキッチンスタッフきっちんすたっふKicchin Sutaffu
Server/ WaiterウエイターうえいたーUeitaa
Fast-Food Deliveryファーストフードデリバリー担当ふぁーすとふーどでりばりー たんとうFuaasuto Fuudo Deribari- Tantou
Hotel Cleaning Staffホテルの清掃スタッフほてる の せいそう すたっふ Hoteru no Seisou Sutaffu
Warehouse staff倉庫スタッフそうこ すたっふSouko Sutaffu
English Conversation Teacher英会話先生えいかいわ せんせいEikaiwa Sensei
Daycare Teacherデイケアの先生でいけあ の せんせいDeikea no Sensei
Convenience Store StaffコンビニスタッフこんびにすたっふKonbini Sutaffu
Retail Staff販売スタッフはんばい すたっふHanbai Sutaffu
Translator訳者やくしゃYakusha
Wedding Celebrantウェディングセレブレーションうぇでぃんぐせれぶれーしょん
Uedeinguserebureeshon
ModelモデルもでるModeru

Jobs-related words in Japanese

The word “job” in English can be expressed in a number of ways. However, it’s important to note that these words can have slight differences. This goes the same with the word “job” in Japanese.

In the next few sections, we’ll talk about the different job-related words in Japanese

Occupation in Japanese

The word “occupation” in Japanese is しょくぎょう (shokugyou). This is written as 職業 in Kanji.

For example:

しょくぎょうはなんですか? (shokugyouwa nan desu ka?)

What’s your occupation?

Professions in Japanese

Professions in Japanese can be expressed in two ways. The first way is しょくぎょう (shokugyou) which similar with the word “occupation.”

The second way to say “professions” in Japanese is せんもんしょく (senmonshoku). This is written as 専門職 in Kanji.

Work in Japanese

The word “work” in Japanese is expressed asしごと (shigoto). This word is written in Kanji as 仕事.

For example:

しごと が おおい です。(shigoto ga ooi desu.)

I have a lot of work to do. 

Career in Japanese

The word “career” in Japanese is しょくぎょう (shokugyou).  This is written as 職業 in Kanji.

For example:

わたし は ぎんこうぎょう を しょくぎょう として せんたくしました. (watashiwa ginkougyou o shokugyouto shite sen takushimashita.

I chose banking as my career. 

Workers in Japanese

The word “workers” in Japanese can be expressed in two ways. The first way is ろうどうしゃ (roudousha).

For example:

それ は ろうどうしゃ の ため の きゅうじつ です. (sorewa rōdōshano tameno kyūjitsudesu)

It is a holiday for workers.

The second word is きんろうしゃ (kinrousha).

Work Culture in Japan 

Japan is known for having a very strict work culture. Employees are expected to show up exactly on time and work overtime, sometimes without extra pay. However many Japanese and foreign workers find their jobs fulfilling and it can be eye-opening to work in a new environment.

Thank you for reading and we hope you enjoyed this lesson.

    2 replies to "Jobs in Japanese – List of Words for the Different Occupations"

    • halifax horsham

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